Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a condition which is characterized by thickening of the heart muscles. It makes it hard for the heart to effectively pump blood. HCM is a genetic disease which is inherited. Since persons who have the condition rarely experience any symptoms, it goes undiagnosed in most cases. This paper discusses the clinical manifestations and diagnostic test of HCM.

Clinical Manifestations


Dyspnoea is a condition whereby a HCM patient experiences shortness of breath (Díez-López & Salazar-Mendiguchía, 2018).


Syncope refers to the loss of consciousness that often leads to fainting (Díez-López & Salazar-Mendiguchía, 2018).


This is a sensation that makes the patient feel like fainting (Díez-López & Salazar-Mendiguchía, 2018). 


Palpitations define the condition where the patient feels as if the heart is beating too fast or skipping beats (Díez-López & Salazar-Mendiguchía, 2018).


This is a chest pain due to reduced blood flow towards the heart (Díez-López & Salazar-Mendiguchía, 2018).


Dizziness is a condition characterized by feelings of fainting, weakness, and unsteadiness (Tsipis, 2018).

Congestive Heart Failure

This is a chronic condition that interferes with the pumping power of the heart muscles (Tsipis, 2018).

Sudden Cardiac Death

Sudden cardiac death refers to the unexpected death due to loss of the heart function (Tsipis, 2018).

Diagnostic Tests


Echocardiogram is a test which uses ultrasound to determine whether the heart muscle of a patient is thick (Díez-López & Salazar-Mendiguchía, 2018; Tsipis, 2018).


This method of diagnosis uses sensors to measure the abnormal rhythms of the heart, and other signs of heart muscle thickening (Tsipis, 2018).

Cardiac MRI

Cardiac MRI is a technique which uses powerful radio waves or magnets to create hear images (Tsipis, 2018).

Chest X-ray

Chest x-rays are used to show whether the heart is enlarged (Tsipis, 2018).

Blood Tests

Blood tests are carried out in order to determine the functioning of the liver and kidney, and the levels of iron in the body (Díez-López & Salazar-Mendiguchía, 2018; Tsipis, 2018).

Genetic Screening

This involves genetic testing of the patient’s close relatives, including parents and siblings (Tsipis, 2018).


Díez-López, C. & Salazar-Mendiguchía, J. (2018). Clinical presentations of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and implications for therapy. Global Cardiology Science & Practice, 2018 (3): 19. https://doi.org/10.21542/gcsp.2018.19

Tsipis, A. (2018). Current Perspectives on Cardiomyopathies. London : IntechOpen.

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