Give an overview of the first, third and sixth crusades. Include who began the crusading movement.

Give an overview of the first, third and sixth crusades. Include who began the crusading movement.

First Crusade (1095–1099)

The First Crusade began on November 27, 1095. It was launched by Pope Urban II at the Council of Clermont. The crusade was a form of response to Emperor Alexios I Komnenos of Byzantine Empire. Alexios had asked the Westerners to help him resist the invasion of Seljuk Turks of Anatolia. However, the main objective of the crusade was to recapture the sacred city of Jerusalem and liberate the Eastern Christians from the rule of the Muslims who had become dominant in the region (Hindley, 2003).

In the year 1096, about 100,000 knights, peasants and slaves from Italy, France, Germany and other European nations moved eastwards by land and sea. As they moved, they laid siege on Nicaea, Dorylaeum, and Antioch. The crusaders finally arrived in Jerusalem on June 7, 1099. They laid siege on the city and managed to capture it within a month. They killed many Muslims who had settled in the city. The First Crusade led to the Establishment of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, the Principality of Antioch, and other small crusader states (Child, Whittock & Kelly, 2002).

Third Crusade (1187–1192)

The Third Crusade started on October 29, 1187. It was launched by Pope Gregory VIII. The objective of the crusade was to recapture the Holy land from the Muslims. Under the leadership of Saladin, the Muslims of Syria and Egypt got re-united. Saladin had an ambition of reducing Christian states in the Middle East. He managed to take Jerusalem back on September 29, 1187. The Westerners were shocked by this conquest. This turn of events motivated Philip II of France, Henry II of England, and Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa of the Roman Empire to lead a crusade against the Muslims (Murray, 2006).

The forces of the Third Crusade began their journey eastwards in 1189. On their way to the Holy Land, they were demoralized by the death of Henry and Frederick, and political quarrels between France and England. Despite these events, the crusaders managed to put up a spirited fight against their enemies under the leadership of Richard I of England. They captured Jaffa and Acre from the hands of the Muslims. However, the crusaders never recaptured Jerusalem. The Third Crusade came to an end on September 2, 1192 (Hindley, 2003).

Sixth Crusade (1228–1229)

The Sixth Crusade began in 1228. It was launched by Emperor Fredrick II with an intention of recapturing Jerusalem. Unlike other crusades, the Sixth Crusade entailed little acts of actual fighting. Fredrick had previously vowed to organize a crusade. However, he had never done so. As a result, Gregory X was forced to excommunicate him. The excommunication pressurized Fredrick to do something significant. His marriage with Yolanda, the daughter of the King of Jerusalem, also meant that he was obliged to protect the Holy Land (Child, Whittock & Kelly, 2002).

Fredrick started his journey eastwards in June 1228. He set off from Brindisi through the sea and stopped at Cyprus. After a disagreement with John of Ibelin, the Constable of Cyprus, he proceeded to the Holy Land and arrived at Acre in September 1228. By this time, the news of Fredrick’s excommunication had spread all over. As a result, he failed to garner enough support against the Muslims. Instead of fighting, he opted to sign a peace agreement with the Sultan of Egypt Al-Kamil. The Egyptian ruler accepted to give Jerusalem, Sidon, Nazareth and Bethlehem back to the Christians. Fredrick accepted to allow the Muslims to retain their sacred places in Jerusalem (Murray, 2006).


Child, J., Whittock, M. J., & Kelly, N. (2002). The Crusades. London: Heinemann Educational.

Hindley, G. (2003). The Crusades. New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers.

Murray, A. V. (2006). The Crusades: An encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, Calif: ABC-CLIO.

Essay Tutors
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why You Should Choose Us

Affordable Prices

Since we know that we are dealing with students, either part time or full time, many might be having financial constraints, but still want to pursue academic life. This has made us ensure we have very affordable prices, and wonderful discounts, yet give high quality products.

Professional Writers

Our reputation has been built because of the dedicated and highly qualified writers in our team. The writers give clients high quality products which guarantees return clients and referrals.


Our team is dedicated to giving clients the best quality products. However, if a paper does not meet the requirements stated by the client, our team will provide free revisions to the satisfaction of the client.

Moneyback guarantee policy

We believe that clients should get value for their money. If the client finds that the product has not met the requirements stated, we will refund the amount paid.

Original papers

We understand how plagiarism can ruin clients’ careers and reputation. We thus strive to provide original papers to our clients. We use several tools to check plagiarism. This ensures that clients get products that meet their institutions’ standards.

24/7 Customer Support

You can reach our support team via, live chat, email or phone. All your issues will be dealt with asap as the team works round the clock.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

You have other errands to run? No need to worry. Place your order with us, carry out your errands while we do your paper and deliver on time.

Blog Writing

Give us a topic you want your blog based on, and let our team handle the rest. You will get the best article to be published in any forum you want. We have able team to do all the work for you.


Many students are given assignments by their tutors. However, students find it challenging to just even come up with a topic. This should no longer be a problem to you. Just visit our site, contact the support team that will help you place your order, and find the best writer to handle the assignment.

Dissertation Services

Dissertation has proven to be challenging to most students. For this reason, we have specialized writers who handles only these kind of papers. You will be in constant touch with the writer and the support team once you place a dissertation order to make sure nothing goes wrong.

Editing and Proofreading

Some students have good points and writing prowess. However, they make minor mistakes that deny them good grades. To avoid such cases, you can give us your already written paper so that our team can edit it to the correct formatting style, language, proper flow and the correct academic language. This gives you an upper hand to get the best grade than a person whose job has not been edited.