Community Health Care: Nurse’s Role & Stakeholders; Resources Appraisal & Importance

*Explain the role of the community health nurse in partnership with community stakeholders for population health promotion. **Explain why it is important to appraise community resources (Nonprofit, spiritual/religious, etc.) as part of a community assessment and ***why these resources are important in population health promotion.
– APA 7th Edition, no abstract.
– Thesis must contain the essence of the paper’
Thesis statement makes the purpose of the paper clear.
– Clearly in command of standard, written, academic English.
– Follow the order of the questions.
– Sources are completely and correctly documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is free of error.
– All sources are the United States’.
– All sources are not more than 5 YEARS.

SAMPLE ANSWER

Community Health Care: Nurse’s Role & Stakeholders; Resources Appraisal

Introduction

Community health nurses (CHN) play important roles to improve overall population health in the community. As leaders of changes of systems in society that support health, CHNs play crucial roles in  injury, disease and disability prevention, health promotion, population health assessment, health protection, policy reforms, community-building  and health surveillance across range of settings.

Role of Community Health Nurses 

CHNs promotes populations’ health by combining knowledge and skills derived from public health, social and nursing sciences. They carried this role via various key aspects of practice as described below. CHNs assess a population’s health and health needs utilizing systematic approaches targeted at identifying individuals, families and subpopulations who are at high risk of injury, illness and disability or who might profit from programs of health promotion (World Health Organization, 2017).   

            CHNs work to reduce the risk of outbreaks of infectious diseases through early identification, preventive measures, investigation and contact tracing. Applying epidemiological principles of diseases, CHNs manage and control the spread of communicable diseases employing prevention techniques, immunization, infection control, surveillance, health education and episodic care. Additionally, they help families and individuals to adopt health behaviors which minimize the risk of disability, injury and disease (WHO, 2017). 

In health protection, CHNs work in partnership with government and other health professionals to ensure safe food, air and water and protect the community from environmental threats. CHNs are also at the frontline in identifying issues and concerns that require attention (WHO, 2017). Moreover, CHNs work with communities, families and individuals to create safe environment where individuals may live or work. 

CHN identify and articulate multiple determinants of health in communities. These determinants support or limit health populations. Working with other organizations and health systems, CHN advocate for conducive physical and social environments that foster good health (Hardcastle, Powers, & Wenocur, 2011). They also provide information and opportunities to enable communities, families and individuals to change behavior and lifestyle.    

They work to offer solutions that tackle environmental, physical and biological causes of illness. In partnership with the community and stakeholders, CHNs develop interventions to help meet identified needs, considering available resources that might result in better health outcomes. They interventions include health promotion, disease prevention and disease management.

Community Resources Appraisal

Appraising community resources and assets is at the heart of community assessment (McMurray, Munns, & Clendon, 2019). Communities have assets and resources with which they meet the needs of families and individuals. It is vital to appraise the extent of these resources from within as integral part of community assessment. By overlooking the strengths and opportunities, there is a risk that available resources can be undermined. Therefore, community resource appraisal is necessary to identify assets within a population to better the target sub-population. Conducting this appraisal helps in understanding and planning to leverage already existing resources for certain interventions (McMurray et al. 2019). By knowing available resources, stakeholders can develop strategies and goals that complement or strengthen the resources already available. It also helps to choose a population for outreach.  Appraisal of community resources is done to identify which essential resources are available to achieve target goals and which ones to be obtained. Assessment of available resources enable CHNs to understand disparity and gaps in overall health of the community, determine opportunities and challenges the community faces.

References

McMurray, A., Munns, A., & Clendon, J. (2019). Community health and wellness: Principles of primary health care. Chatswood, NSW: Elsevier Australia, a division of Reed International Books Pty Ltd

World Health Organization (2017). Enhancing the role of community health nursing for universal health coverage. Human Resources for Health Observer Series No. 18

Hardcastle, D. A., Powers, P. R., & Wenocur, S. (2011). Community practice: Theories and skills for social workers. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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